What happens when you teach children to make inferences while reading?

Once children are fluent decoders, the most frequent problem in reading is poor comprehension due to a failure to make inferences. Even seemingly straightforward anaphoric inferences can elude these students: they might read “Bob gave Tamisa some of his snack because she was hungry” and still be unsure of the referent for “she.” Other inferences require bridging information from long term memory, and these are still more challenging. For example, “Kevin said he was cold. Zeke gave him his coat.” Even if these two sentences are understood, each on its own, deeper comprehension entails making the (probably accurate) inference that Zeke gave Kevin the coat because Kevin said he was cold, which requires knowing that putting on a coat is something one does when cold.

Source: What happens when you teach children to make inferences while reading?

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